Jupiter, known as Zeus in Greek mythology, was the king of the Roman gods and the god of the sky and thunder. He was considered the most powerful deity in the Roman pantheon and was associated with governance, law, and justice. As the father of gods and men, Jupiter played a central role in Roman religious practices and was often depicted with a thunderbolt and an eagle, his sacred animal. He was believed to watch over the Roman state and people, and many important ceremonies and festivals were dedicated to him, such as the Feriae Latinae and the Jupiter Optimus Maximus. The latter was a grand temple on the Capitoline Hill in Rome, the center of his worship. Jupiter’s mythology and influence extended beyond Rome; his counterpart Zeus was a prominent figure in Greek mythology and held similar attributes and significance. Jupiter’s role as a powerful and benevolent deity exemplified the Roman values of strength, leadership, and order, making him one of the most revered gods in ancient Roman society.