iberia

Iberia, also known as the Iberian Peninsula, is a geographical region located in southwestern Europe. It includes the modern-day countries of Spain, Portugal, Andorra, and Gibraltar. Throughout history, Iberia has been home to diverse cultures and civilizations. One of the most significant ancient civilizations in Iberia was the Tartessians, who thrived in the southern region from the 9th to the 6th century BCE. They were known for their trade and metalworking skills. Later, the Celts and the Iberians settled in the region, contributing to its cultural diversity. The Carthaginians and Romans also established their presence in Iberia, leaving lasting influences on its culture and architecture. The Romanization of Iberia was a transformative period that saw the spread of Roman law, language, and architecture. During the Middle Ages, the Visigoths and then the Moors conquered and ruled parts of Iberia, leading to a rich blending of cultures and religions. The Reconquista, a centuries-long process of Christian reconquest, gradually pushed the Moors out of Iberia, culminating in the formation of the Christian kingdoms of Spain and Portugal. Iberia’s history is characterized by a mix of diverse cultural, religious, and linguistic influences, making it a region of rich heritage and heritage. Today, Iberia is known for its vibrant cultures, traditions, and historical landmarks, attracting visitors from around the world to explore its fascinating past and present.