Research bundle on Iberian paganism


The Iberian Peninsula, a region rich in history and cultural diversity, has been a crossroads of civilizations for millennia. Among the layers of its complex past lie the remnants of ancient pagan, pre-Christian religions that once thrived in harmony with the natural landscape. This research bundle on Iberian paganism aims to shed light on the spiritual practices, deities, rituals, and cultural nuances that shaped the lives of the inhabitants of the Iberian Peninsula.

Historical Context

To comprehend the spiritual landscape of the Iberian Peninsula before the advent of Christianity, it is crucial to delve into the historical context of the region. The peninsula, comprising present-day Spain and Portugal, witnessed the ebb and flow of various civilizations, including the Iberians, Celts, Phoenicians, Greeks, and Romans. Each of these cultures left an indelible mark on the religious thought of the region, contributing to the syncretism that characterized some pre-Christian belief systems.

While there is a great deal of syncretism to be found in Iberian paganism, the research bundle on Iberian paganism does not contain much material on Celtic religion and Greco-Roman religion. If you’re look for more information on either of those, have a look at our beginners reading list on Celtic paganism and or beginners reading list on Greco-Roman paganism.

The Iberians: The various influences on their ancient wisdom

Among the earliest inhabitants of the Iberian Peninsula were the Iberians, an enigmatic people who laid the foundations for the pagan spirituality which saw many iteration in the following centuries. Known for their megalithic structures, intricate pottery, and advanced metallurgy, the Iberians developed a profound connection with the natural world. This bundle explores the religious practices of the Iberians, examining their animistic beliefs, worship of nature deities, and the symbolic significance of their sacred sites.

Celtic Influences

The Celts, migrating from Central Europe, brought their own vibrant polytheistic traditions to the Iberian Peninsula. Their pantheon of deities, steeped in nature worship and the cycles of the seasons, merged with the existing beliefs of the Iberians, giving rise to a unique syncretic blend. This research bundle delves into the intertwined mythologies of the Celts and Iberians, exploring the deities that became central figures in the collective consciousness of the pre-Christian inhabitants.

Phoenician and Greek Encounters

The coastal regions of the Iberian Peninsula bore witness to the influences of Phoenician and Greek traders and settlers. These maritime cultures introduced new deities and mystical practices, leaving an indelible mark on the religious landscape. This bundle investigates the cults of Phoenician and Greek gods that took root in Iberia, unraveling the mysteries of their worship and the impact of these cosmopolitan influences on local belief systems.

Roman Domination

With the Roman conquest of the Iberian Peninsula, a new chapter unfolded in the religious history of the region. The Roman pantheon, with its array of gods and goddesses, supplanted or assimilated existing deities, creating a complex tapestry of syncretism. This collection of literature examines the Romanization of religious practices in Iberia, exploring how indigenous beliefs adapted to the imperial cult and the dynamics of religious coexistence.

Beyond Gods: Rituals, Festivals, and Daily Life

Beyond the celestial pantheon, the research bundle on Iberian paganism delves into the rituals, festivals, and everyday practices that defined the spiritual lives of the Iberian people. From elaborate ceremonies held at sacred sites to the mundane rituals of domestic life, this exploration aims to reconstruct the holistic experience of pre-Christian spirituality on the Iberian Peninsula.

In conclusion, the research bundle on the pagan, pre-Christian religions of the Iberian Peninsula invites scholars and enthusiasts alike to embark on a captivating journey through time. By piecing together the fragments of ancient texts, archaeological discoveries, and cultural remnants, we aim to resurrect the voices of those who once whispered prayers to forgotten gods, offering a glimpse into the profound and diverse spiritual heritage that shaped the identity of the Iberian Peninsula.

The research bundle on Iberian paganism

Juan Carlos Olivares Pedreño

Three votive altars in Cerezo and a new gentilitas in Lusitania

Tres aras votivas procedentes de Cerezo y una nueva gentilitas en lusitania
Rafael González Fernández & Juan Carlos Olivares Pedreño

A Republican-era inscription dedicated to Salaecvs

Una inscripción de época republicana dedicada a Salaecvs en la región minera de Carthago Nova
Juan Carlos Olivares Pedreño

The omission of the dedicator in the votive inscriptions of Hispania

La omisión del dedicante en las inscripciones votivas de Hispania como indicio de su ubicación en ámbitos privados
Juan Carlos Olivares Pedreño

The migration of Celts and Turdulians from the Beturia towards the northwest of Hispania

La migración de los Célticos y Túrdulos de la Beturia hacia el noroeste de Hispania
Juan Carlos Olivares Pedreño

Roman cults and indigenism

Cultos Romanos e indigenismo
Juan Carlos Olivares Pedreno

One Unpublished Altar from Herguijuela de la Sierra

Un altar inédito procedente de Herguijuela de la Sierra (Salamanca) y nueva interpretacción de tres aras votivas extremeñas.
Juan Carlor Olivares

Indigenous gods linked to population centers in Roman Hispania

Dioses indígenas vinculados a núcleos de población en la Hispania romana
Juan Carlos Olivares Pedreño

Emigrants in the mining areas and cities of Hispania

Los emigrantes en las áreas mineras y las ciudades de Hispania: religión, identidades y difusión cultural
Ignacio Simón Cornago & Joaquín Gorrochategui

Stele with Celtiberian iconography and inscription from Clunia

Estela con iconografía e inscripción celtibéricas procedente de Clunia
Alejandro G. Sinner & Joan Ferrer i Jané

Rock Sanctuaries, Sacred Landscapes, and the Making of the Iberian Pantheon


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