Diana is an ancient Roman goddess associated with the moon, hunting, and the wilderness. She is equivalent to the Greek goddess Artemis and inherited many of her attributes and myths. As the goddess of the hunt, Diana was revered as a skilled archer and protector of wildlife. She was often depicted with a bow and quiver of arrows, accompanied by hunting dogs or deer. Diana’s connection to the moon made her a patroness of night and a guardian of women. She was also associated with childbirth and fertility. Diana was venerated in various regions of the Roman Empire, and her worship was particularly popular among women. Festivals and celebrations, such as the Nemoralia (Festival of Torches), were held in her honor, involving processions, offerings, and the lighting of torches. Diana’s sanctuary at Lake Nemi, known as the “Diana Nemorensis,” was a significant religious site where her cult was practiced. The worship of Diana reflects the Romans’ appreciation for the natural world and their reliance on hunting for sustenance and survival. The study of Diana and Roman mythology offers insights into the religious beliefs and cultural practices of ancient Rome and the significant role of gods and goddesses in shaping daily life and societal values. Today, Diana remains a symbol of the untamed wilderness and the eternal cycle of the moon, continuing to inspire artists, writers, and those who connect with the mysteries of nature and the lunar cycles.