Hellenic refers to anything related to ancient Greece and its civilization. The term is commonly used to describe the culture, language, history, and religious beliefs of the ancient Greeks. The Hellenic period is known for its tremendous contributions to the arts, philosophy, science, and governance, and it laid the foundation for Western civilization. Hellenic religion revolved around a pantheon of gods and goddesses, including Zeus, Hera, Athena, Apollo, and others. The religious practices were centered on public festivals, rituals, and ceremonies held at temples and sanctuaries dedicated to specific deities. The Hellenic city-states, such as Athens and Sparta, were known for their distinct political systems, and their cultural achievements continue to be admired and studied today. The term “Hellenistic” is sometimes confused with Hellenic but refers to a later period following the conquests of Alexander the Great when Greek culture and influence spread across the Mediterranean and Near East. The Hellenic period remains a crucial and enduring chapter in the history of Western civilization, leaving an indelible mark on art, literature, philosophy, and political thought.