Latvian refers to the language, culture, and people of Latvia, a country situated in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. Latvian is a Baltic language, closely related to Lithuanian and historically linked to the ancient Baltic tribes that inhabited the area. The Latvian people have a rich cultural heritage that includes folklore, traditional songs (dainas), and distinctive art and crafts. Latvia has a long history of influences from neighboring cultures, including Germanic, Scandinavian, and Slavic influences. The Latvian language is the official language of Latvia and plays a crucial role in shaping national identity. The preservation of the Latvian language and cultural traditions has been a key aspect of Latvian national consciousness, particularly during periods of foreign rule and occupation. Latvia’s rich cultural heritage is celebrated through various festivals, events, and artistic expressions. Traditional Latvian customs, such as the celebration of the summer solstice (Jāņi) and the making of traditional crafts, continue to be an integral part of Latvian culture. The study of Latvian culture and language provides insights into the historical and linguistic connections between Baltic and neighboring cultures. It underscores the resilience and identity of the Latvian people, as well as their contributions to the cultural diversity of Europe. Latvian literature, music, and art reflect the nation’s history, struggles, and aspirations, and they continue to play a vital role in shaping Latvia’s modern cultural landscape.