Venus, known as Aphrodite in Greek mythology, was an ancient Roman goddess of love, beauty, desire, fertility, and prosperity. She was one of the twelve major deities in the Roman pantheon and held great significance in Roman religion and culture. Venus was associated with love in all its forms, from romantic love and desire to the love between friends and family. As a goddess of beauty, she embodied physical and spiritual attractiveness. Venus was also revered as a fertility goddess, responsible for the growth and abundance of crops and the proliferation of life. In her role as a goddess of prosperity, she brought blessings and good fortune to the Roman people. The worship of Venus was widespread throughout the Roman Empire, and her influence extended to various aspects of daily life, including art, literature, and social customs. The festival of “Veneralia” was held in her honor on April 1st, and the “Vinalia” celebrated her role in vine cultivation and wine production. The most famous temple dedicated to Venus was the Temple of Venus Genetrix in Rome, which housed her statue as the ancestress of the Roman people. Venus was often depicted in art and sculpture, with the famous “Venus de Milo” and “Venus de’ Medici” being iconic representations of her beauty. In addition to her association with love, Venus was also linked to the planet Venus, which is named after her. The worship of Venus continued into the Roman imperial period and had a lasting influence on the depiction of love and beauty in Western art and literature.