A saga is a type of narrative, typically in prose, that originated in ancient Scandinavian and Icelandic literature. Sagas are long and epic tales that often recount the heroic deeds and adventures of legendary figures, kings, and warriors. They are an important part of the literary heritage of the Norse and Icelandic cultures. Sagas can be classified into two main types: the “sagas of Icelanders” (Íslendingasögur) and the “kings’ sagas” (Konungasögur). The sagas of Icelanders focus on the lives of Icelanders from the 9th to the 11th centuries and are set in historical and realistic contexts. They provide valuable insights into the social, political, and cultural life of early Icelandic society. On the other hand, the kings’ sagas center around the lives of Scandinavian kings and their reigns, often blending historical events with legendary elements. Sagas were originally transmitted orally and later recorded in manuscripts during the medieval period. They were composed by anonymous authors and passed down through generations. The sagas are characterized by their vivid descriptions, complex characters, and themes of honor, loyalty, revenge, and destiny. They reflect the values and ideals of the Norse people, as well as their perspectives on history and heroism. The study of sagas is essential for understanding the literature and cultural identity of medieval Scandinavia and Iceland. Sagas continue to be popular subjects of study and adaptation in modern literature, film, and other art forms. They remain a significant part of the world’s literary heritage and are celebrated for their storytelling prowess and portrayal of the human condition.