Dolmen G1

Hunebed G1, also known as the Papeloze Kerk Hunebed, is located in the province of Groningen in the Netherlands.

Dolmen G1

Dolmen G1, also known as the Papeloze Kerk, is located in the province of Groningen in the Netherlands. It is one of the oldest and most well-preserved dolmens in the country, dating back over 5,000 years to the Funnel beaker culture of the Neolithic period.

The dolmen consists of six upright stones, or orthostats, which support three capstones. The entire structure is approximately 9 meters long and 3 meters wide, making it one of the smaller dolmens in the area. The capstones, which weigh several tons each, were transported from quarries located miles away and placed on top of the upright stones to create a roofed burial chamber.

Excavations at Dolmen G1 have revealed the remains of 15 individuals, along with pottery, flint knives, and other artifacts. It is believed that the dolmen was used as a communal burial site for a small agricultural community.

The Funnel beaker culture, who built the dolmens, were an early farming society who lived in the region during the Neolithic period. They were skilled farmers who lived in small communities, growing crops such as wheat and barley and raising domesticated animals like cattle and pigs. Their distinctive pottery, which has a funnel-like shape, gives the culture its name.

The hunebeds were used as communal burial sites for the Funnel beaker people. The bodies of the deceased were placed in the burial chamber, along with offerings such as pottery, flint knives, and arrowheads. It is thought that the bodies were left to decompose before the bones were removed and placed in the side chambers of the dolmen.

The construction of dolmens like G1 required a significant amount of engineering skill and organization. The builders would have had to transport the massive stones from quarries located miles away, using primitive tools and techniques. They would have also had to create a level surface for the dolmen, as well as a ramp to transport the heavy stones.

In the centuries that followed, the dolmens were largely forgotten and were used for other purposes, such as sources of building material for local construction projects. It was not until the 19th century that the dolmens were recognized as important archaeological sites.

Today, the dolmens are protected as national monuments and are popular tourist attractions. Visitors can explore the burial chambers and learn about the history and culture of the Funnelbeaker people.

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