A runestone is a large stone monument that contains runic inscriptions, an ancient writing system used by the Germanic peoples of Northern Europe. Runestones were primarily erected during the Viking Age (approximately 8th to 11th century CE) and are found in various countries, including Sweden, Denmark, Norway, and Iceland. These inscriptions usually commemorate significant events, such as the death of a prominent individual or military conquests. The runic inscriptions often provide valuable historical information and insights into the culture, language, and beliefs of the people of that era. Runestones were typically raised as memorials or landmarks and were intricately carved with ornamental designs and texts. They are vital artifacts for understanding Viking history and the spread of Norse culture throughout Europe and beyond.