The Stoibadeion was a building located on the north side of the Acropolis of Athens in Greece. It was an enclosure that served as a place for the production and storage of the Athenian festival procession floats and was also used as a workshop for sculptors.
The building was rectangular in shape, with a portico of Doric columns on the front and sides. It was constructed in the 5th century BCE and was located near the Theater of Dionysus and the Asklepieion, two other important structures on the Acropolis.
The Stoibadeion played an important role in the Panathenaic festival, one of the most important religious and cultural events in ancient Athens. The festival was held every four years in honor of the goddess Athena, and it included athletic competitions, musical contests, and a procession of people carrying a new robe, or peplos, for the statue of Athena in the Parthenon.
The floats for the procession were constructed in the Stoibadeion, and were designed to represent scenes from Athenian mythology and history. They were pulled by oxen or horses and were accompanied by music and dancing.
The Stoibadeion was also an important center for sculpture production. Many of the sculptors who worked in the building created statues and reliefs for the Parthenon and other buildings on the Acropolis. Some of the most famous works produced in the Stoibadeion include the pediments and frieze of the Parthenon, as well as the Erechtheion caryatids.
In the 4th century BCE, the Stoibadeion was used as a storage facility for the Athenian navy. The building was eventually destroyed during the Roman occupation of Athens in the 2nd century BCE, and its ruins were incorporated into later buildings on the Acropolis. Today, little remains of the original structure, but the site is still considered an important archaeological and historical landmark.