The Duino Mithraeum is located in the town of Duino, near Trieste in northeastern Italy.
The Duino Mithraeum is an ancient Roman temple dedicated to the worship of Mithras, a god hailing from the east who was popular among the Roman military. The temple is located in the town of Duino, near Trieste in northeastern Italy. It is one of the best-preserved Mithraea in the region and is considered to be of great archaeological significance. The temple was built in the 2nd century AD and was used for worship until the 4th century AD, when Christianity became the dominant religion in the Roman Empire. The temple was then abandoned and gradually fell into disrepair.
In the early 20th century, the Duino Mithraeum was rediscovered by chance during construction work in the area. Excavations were carried out, and the temple was carefully restored and preserved. Today, the temple is open to visitors, who can explore the remains of the original structure and learn about the rituals and beliefs associated with the worship of Mithras.
The Duino Mithraeum consists of a main hall, or nave, where the worshippers would have gathered for ceremonies, and an adjoining smaller room, or apse, where the altar would have been located. The temple is decorated with frescoes and carvings that depict scenes from Mithraic mythology, such as the slaying of the bull, which was a central part of the Mithraic initiation ritual. Mithraism took elements from different types of pagan beliefs. For a thorough understanding of Mithraism, there are some good resources available, especially the New Mithraeum is recommended.