Mithras was an ancient deity worshipped in the Roman Empire as part of the mystery religion known as Mithraism. This religion was widespread during the 1st to 4th centuries CE, particularly among Roman soldiers and merchants. Mithras was a Persian deity adopted into the Roman pantheon, and his worship involved secret rituals and initiations, accessible only to male devotees. The god was associated with the sun, light, truth, and contracts. One of the most iconic representations of Mithras shows him slaying a bull, known as the “tauroctony,” symbolizing his role in the cosmic order and as a savior figure. Mithraic temples, known as Mithraea, were often constructed in underground caverns or basements to recreate the setting of the tauroctony. Despite its popularity during ancient times, the mysteries of Mithraism gradually faded with the rise of Christianity, and much of its knowledge remains shrouded in secrecy, making it a subject of fascination for historians and scholars.