The Neolithic village of Travo is an archaeological site located in the municipality of Travo, in the Piacenza province of Italy. The village was inhabited during the Neolithic period, approximately 6,000-5,000 years ago, and is one of the most important prehistoric settlements in the region.
Excavations of the site began in the early 1960s, and since then, archaeologists have uncovered the remains of several houses, storage pits, and other structures, as well as a large number of artifacts such as stone tools, pottery, and animal bones.
The houses at Travo were typically rectangular in shape and constructed using a combination of wooden posts and mud bricks. They were relatively small, with an average size of around 20 square meters, and were likely used for both living and storage purposes. The storage pits found at the site were used to store grain, legumes, and other foodstuffs.
The inhabitants of Travo were farmers and herders who cultivated crops such as wheat, barley, and lentils, and raised animals such as sheep, goats, and pigs. They also engaged in hunting and fishing, and made extensive use of the surrounding forests for resources such as timber and firewood.
The artifacts found at Travo provide insight into the material culture of the village, including its technology, economy, and social organization. Stone tools such as axes, adzes, and chisels were used for woodworking, while pottery vessels were used for cooking and storage. The presence of elaborate burial sites and the existence of social hierarchies among the villagers suggests that Travo was a complex and highly organized society.
Overall, the Neolithic village of Travo provides valuable information about the lives and culture of early human societies in the region, and continues to be a site of ongoing archaeological research and discovery.