Urakov Hillock

The Urakov Hillock is an archaeological site of the Mesolithic era and late Bronze Age, as well as a contemporary site dedicated to Germanic and Slavic gods.


Urakov Hillock is an archaeological site of the Mesolithic era. Also here was found a burial of the Upper Paleolithic culture and unique burial of the priestess with ritual artefacts of the Late Bronze Age.

The woman was lying on her back, in an extended position, with her head to the southeast. At her feet was an incense burner with ash. On the ornamented body of the incense burner was inscribed a “calendar” with crossed-out sticks. At her head lay a bronze temporal ring and a bone spatula, bone earrings, bronze and silver buttons and beads.

This place was also used by river pirates as a base. According to legends, their countless treasures are hidden here. The most famous of the river pirates who stood here was Stepan Razin. Stepan Timofeyevich Razin known as Stenka Razin, was a Cossack leader who led a major uprising against the nobility, Christian church and tsarist bureaucracy in southern Russia in 1670–1671. The people revered Razin as a great leader, a great warrior and wizard. The nearby highest hill is named after him.

Rising 90 metres above the Volga reservoir, the Urakov Hillock is primarily famous for its man-made caves. The Lower Volga largest cave labyrinth is located here. Its total length is more 1000 metres.

According to the experts, the Urakov Hillock caves are connected with Volga Germans, who lived in the Volgograd region in17th-19th centuries. The Germans used those caves to excavate the rock, which was further used for making millstones.

Currently, there is a pagan sanctuary of Slavic and Germanic gods at the top of the Urakov Hillock.


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