Newgrange

Newgrange (Irish: Dún Fhearghusa) is the most famous prehistoric site in all of Ireland. It is one of the tombs of the Brú na Bóinne complex in the County Meath district.

newgrange

Newgrange (Irish: Dún Fhearghusa) is the most famous prehistoric site in all of Ireland. It is one of the tombs (a burial tomb) of the Brú na Bóinne complex in the County Meath district, about 50 kilometers north of the city of Dublin, and was added to UNESCO’s cultural heritage list in 1993. According to the results of carbon dating, the structure was built about 3200 BCE, during the Neolithic period. This dating makes it about 600 years older than the pyramids of Giza in Egypt, and about 900 years older than Stonehenge in England.

It is one of the best-known examples of a type of monument known as a passage tomb or passage grave, which was used for burial and religious purposes by the people of the time.

One of the most striking features of Newgrange is its alignment with the winter solstice, which occurs on December 21 or 22 each year. During this time, a shaft of light from the rising sun penetrates the passage leading to the central chamber of the tomb, illuminating the interior for a few minutes. This has led many to believe that the site was used for religious and ceremonial purposes related to the changing of the seasons and the cycles of nature.

The religious significance of Newgrange is further supported by the many carvings and decorations found throughout the site. These include spiral and diamond motifs, which are thought to represent the sun, as well as depictions of animals, birds, and other symbols of fertility and renewal.

In addition to its religious significance, Newgrange is also believed to have been a site of social and political importance. The construction of the tomb would have required a significant amount of labor and resources, suggesting that it was built by a society with a strong sense of organization and cooperation. It is also thought that the tomb may have been used for gatherings and meetings of the local community.

  • References

    Image: Photo by Griffin Quinn on Unsplash

    Image: Photo by Griffin Quinn on Unsplash

    Image: Photo by Stephen Tafra on Unsplash

    Image: “newgrange” by yellowdogparty is licensed under CC BY-ND 2.0. To view a copy of this license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/2.0/?ref=openverse.

    Image: “Newgrange IR – Sí an Bhrú 02” by Daniel Mennerich is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0. To view a copy of this license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/?ref=openverse.

    Image: “Newgrange” by Sean MacEntee is licensed under CC BY 2.0. To view a copy of this license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/?ref=openverse.

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