Svarthola is an archaeological site located in the municipality of Stavanger in Rogaland county, Norway. The site is a cave located on the coast of the North Sea, about 10 km southwest of the city of Stavanger.
The cave was inhabited by humans during the Stone Age, and excavations have uncovered evidence of human activity dating back to the early Mesolithic period (approximately 10,000-7,000 BCE) and continuing through the Neolithic period (approximately 4,000-2,000 BCE).
The archaeological finds at Svarthola include stone tools, bone tools, and other artifacts, as well as animal bones and shells. The cave was likely used as a hunting and fishing site, as well as a place for people to live and shelter from the weather.
One of the most significant finds at Svarthola is a large collection of stone tools made from flint, quartz, and other materials. The tools include blades, scrapers, and arrowheads, and were likely used for hunting, fishing, and other daily tasks.
The site also contains evidence of ritual activity, including a collection of deer antlers that were deliberately placed in the cave. The antlers were likely used in some kind of ritual or ceremony.
The Svarthola cave is considered one of the most important archaeological sites in Norway and has provided valuable insights into the lives of people during the Stone Age. The site is open to the public and visitors can take guided tours of the cave and see some of the artifacts that have been discovered there.