Hercules temple at Gurina

The Hercules temple at Gurina is a reconstructed Gallo-Roman temple at the Gurina archeological park in Austria.

Hercules temple at Gurina

The Hercules temple at Gurina is a reconstructed Gallo-Roman temple at the Gurina archeological park in Austria.

In the initial excavations in 1884 on the summit of Gurina, remains of a Roman temple were uncovered. In 2004, as part of the project “Moving History, History in Motion,” the temple was once again excavated and studied. The Roman cult building is identified as a Gallo-Roman peristyle temple, a temple type that combines Celtic—indigenous—and Roman elements, with its construction dating back to the years around the birth of Christ. The numerous Hercules statuettes from Gurina suggest that this hero was venerated in the temple. Shortly after the excavation, the idea of an archaeological park emerged, with the reconstruction of the temple being the first step in its realization.

From the original findings, the exact dimensions of 11 x 11.3 meters, the structure of the walls and floor, as well as parts of the painting and evidence of brick columns, could be determined.

As the information from the archaeological findings was insufficient to form a complete picture of the original state, details for the reconstruction were sourced from better-preserved temples. From these, the height of the building, parts of the interior architecture, and the roof structure were determined. Further details, such as the door, windows, gable ornamentation, and ceiling design, were adopted from contemporaneous examples, especially from Pompeii.

  • References

    image: “File:Dellach Gurina Umgangstempel Herkulaneum neu 24082008 36.jpg” by Johann Jaritz is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0. To view a copy of this license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/?ref=openverse.

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