The Temple of Augustus in Barcelona, Spain was a Roman temple dedicated to the imperial cult of Caesar Augustus. The Temple of Augustus was built in Barcino, a colony founded with the permission of Augustus, which would eventually become the city of Barcelona. It was located in the central part of the Forum on the top of Mount Táber, currently located in the Gothic Quarter of Barcelona. It collapsed over time and was more or less forgotten.
At the end of the 19th century, three columns were found during the construction works of the headquarters of the Centre Excursionista de Catalunya. A fourth column was exhibited in the Plaza del Rey in the city of Barcelona and was incorporated into the set that can be visited. It is probable that the construction of the temple began in the time of Tiberius, who was the one who instituted the cult of Augustus.
The temple is currently a heritage site that is maintained by the Museum of History of Barcelona.