Augustus temple in Pula

The Augustus Temple in Pula, Croatia dates from the 1st century CE. It was dedicated to the emperor Augustus and the goddess Roma.

augustus temple in pula

The Augustus temple in Pula lies in the heart of the ancient Croatian town of Pula. This well-preserved temple is associated with the Imperial Cult of the ancient Roman Empire. The Imperial Cult centered around the spirits of the Emperors. Dating back to the 1st century CE, this remarkable structure stands on Republic Square, also known as the Forum among the locals, echoing the voices of a bygone era.

Augustus temple in Pula on republic square
Augustus temple in Pula on republic square

A Monument of Majesty

The Augustus Temple, or Augustov Hram in Croatian, is a testament to the architectural prowess of its time. Despite its modest size, the temple exudes a sense of monumental splendor, captivating visitors with its well-proportioned design. Commissioned during the reign of Emperor Augustus (27 BCE – 14 CE), it was dedicated to both the revered emperor and the goddess Roma, symbolizing the intertwining of imperial and religious authority.

Architectural Marvels

The temple’s structure comprises a raised rectangular foundation, providing a solid base for its dignified presence. Its rear boasts a closed cella, a sacred chamber for worship, while the front features an open pronaos, adorned with four frontal columns and one on each side. A decorative frieze, intricately carved in relief, adorns the perimeter beneath the roof, adding to its visual allure.

Augustus temple in Pula seen from the back
Augustus temple in Pula seen from the back

A Journey Through Time

Throughout history, the Augustus Temple has witnessed various transformations. After the decline of the Roman Empire, it served as a place of Christian worship before being repurposed as a granary, reflecting the evolving needs of society. In the early 19th century, under the patronage of Napoleon’s Marshal Marmont, it became the home of the first lapidary of ancient stone monuments, preserving the remnants of antiquity for future generations.

Trials faced by the Augustus temple in Pula

The passage of time has not been kind to the Augustus Temple. During World War II, the temple suffered significant damage when it was struck by an aerial bomb, casting a shadow over its once pristine facade. However, the spirit of resilience prevailed, and between 1945 and 1947, Italian archaeologists undertook the monumental task of restoration, breathing new life into this ancient gem.

Exploring the Depths

Today, visitors have the opportunity to step into the hallowed halls of the Augustus Temple and immerse themselves in its storied past. Within its modest interior lie a handful of archaeological treasures, each whispering tales of a bygone era. These artifacts are an integral part of the ancient collection housed within the Archaeological Museum of Istria in Pula, offering a glimpse into the rich heritage of this mesmerizing region.

  • References

    image: “Temple d’August, Pula (Pola), Ístria, Croàcia (vista posterior)” by Sebastià Giralt is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0. Retrieved from https://openverse.org/image/2ff75250-be1b-4042-83d9-f1518446b7f3

    image: “Templo de Augusto y ayuntamiento, Pula, Croacia, 2017-04-17, DD 68-70 HDR” by Diego Delso is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0. Retrieved from https://openverse.org/image/ca9fb80d-9700-4b00-b87a-8451ea16b1e4

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Posted 4 years ago
Posted 4 years ago